Dongshuimen Bridge, Chongqing, China
Population(2013): 29.9 million municipal 17.8 million urban
GDP(2014): RMB 1.427 trillion, UD 229 billion, GBP 147 billion
GDP growth(2014): 10.9% the largest growth of any city in China that year
Chongqing is the youngest municipality in China, established in 1997. It is one of five central cities, the others being Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai and Guangzhou. It is located in Southeast of the Sichuan Basin at the junction of the Yangtze and Jialing Rivers. It is surrounded by water on three sides and mountains on four sides. The climate is subtropical, with mild, short winters and hot, humid summers. It has been nicknamed the “foggy city” due to its relatively low annual sunshine time of around 950 hours. Annual precipitation is between 1000-1400mm.
Chongqing is one of the oldest industrial bases. It is also one of the richest in mineral resources: 75 kinds of minerals have been found, and 40 minerals have proved reserves in 353 places, with a potential value of USD 62.6 billion. These include: Coal, natural gas, manganese, mercury, aluminum, strontium and others.
Import and Export value of Foreign Trade during Jan-Oct 2014 was USD 45.31 billion. During Jan-Apr of 2015, Import and Export value was estimated at USD 30 billion, a 5.6% increase on the same period in 2014. There is also a large amount of arable land in the surrounding rural areas. 2.1 million hectares are available for agricultural output.
Liangjiang New Area, modelled after Shanghai’s Pudong New Area, was set up in June of 2010. Since then it has grown at a very rapid pace.
By 2020, 60% of Chongqing’s industrial land and 40% of its commercial land will be located inside Liangjiang New Area, which will also account for half of Chongqing’s population. It is linked to 16 major cities via the Yangtze River.
In first 8 months of 2014, Liangjiang New Area attracted a total of 194 projects and 110 Fortune 500 enterprises, the GDP reached USD 19.1 billion a growth of 16.2% from 2013. The total industrial output was USD 40.5 billion with a growth rate of 34.1%, and gross fixed asset investment grew 18.1% to USD 16.9 billion. The total export-import volume increased 20% to USD 3.2 billion
In June 2015, Liangjiang New Area launched a USD 3.2 billion fund aimed at investing in robotics, shipping and green automobiles, among other emerging industries in China.
In June 2013, Green Card Access was extended to those working in 7 kinds of R&D: national laboratories, national key laboratories, national engineering laboratories, national engineering research centres, national-certified enterprise technology centres, national engineering & technology research centres and foreign-invested R&D centres.
In October 2013, Chongqing Communication Administration announced that establishing a 4G network was a key part of expansion plans for all new areas of the municipality. Chongqing is aiming to build 30,000 3G and 4G bases around the central city area, to aid the main TD-LTE network which has theoretical download speeds of more than 100Mb.
Chongqing Graphene Industrial Park was inaugurated in December 2013 in Jinfeng Electronic Information Industrial Park. RMB500 million have been invested jointly by Shanghai NanJiang (Group) Co., Ltd. and Chongqing Institute of Green and Intelligent Technology of Chinese Academy of Sciences. The Park aims to form a complete industrial chain, with application-oriented enterprises, scientific institutions and industry-university-research cooperation.
There are some preferential tax rates for foreign-invested businesses in Chongqing. The technology transfer income of foreign-funded enterprise and foreigner to domestic is exempt of business tax. Enterprise, in accordance with provisions (these can be found in Tax Documents 273 and 36, released in 1999 and 2001 respectively). Business tax can also be reduced by employing a proportion of laid off employees, while foreign funded businesses are exempt from city maintenance construction fees and the extra education fee. In the communication, power supply, post service and broadcasting sectors, corporate income tax is reduced for five years.
By 2020, the city authorities plan to have tripled the GDP of the One-Hour Economic Circle, as well as making GDP per capita exceed USD 8,000. By 2020, there will be 22 million permanent urban residents and an urbanization rate of 80%. It is hoped that Chongqing will equal East China in all major indicators of socio-economic development.
The local government has said going forward it will be focusing investment via 4 key sectors of the economy
- Infrastructures such as expressway, high-class highway, port, water works, waste water treatment plant.
- Agricultural projects such as traditional Chinese medicine, orange, silkworm, pigs, tea.
- R & D and production of automobile & parts, motorcycle & parts, power distribution equipment, electronics, digital audio & video, 3G, large tonnage ships, natural gas chemicals, fine chemicals, new materials, clean energy, electro-mineral combined production, aluminium chain industry, steel chain industries including iron-rough steel-plate-piping-strip material and wire; derivatives of manganese, strontium and barium; IC products, software, information technology, telecom, digital medical treatment, smart instrumentation, information technology based home electric appliances and automobile electronics.
- Modern services such as banking, insurance, securities, logistics, tourism, education (excluding compulsory education).
- Chongqing International Expo Centre, China International Horticultural Exposition and many other more business centres and shopping malls are to be built.
- T3a Terminal of Chongqing Jiangbei International Airport, a 3rd runway of 3,800 meters and Wushan Airport will be constructed.
- Construction is ongoing on Chongqing’s subway lines. There are 4 lines in operation, of a planned 18.
- The second phase of Guoyuan Port has been completed. 12 wharfs and 4 berths are under a trial period of operation. The first phase of Xin Tian Port in Wanzhou and first phase of Longtou Port in Fuling are to be built.
- 1,000 km of expressway is to be built by 2015, achieving a total length of 3,000 km.
- A crude oil pipeline from Burma to China, a refined oil pipeline from Guiyang to Chongqing, and a gas pipeline in the urban area are all to be built soon.
- 3 large reservoirs and about 20 medium-sized reservoirs and water supply lines are to be constructed.
- The city is aiming at creating an “Intelligent Chongqing”, and are developing an Intelligent Grid, while focusing on improvements to transportation, medical service, homes, logistics and environmental protection.
- Chongqing Broadband and NGB project are in the 12th Five Year Plan, concluding in 2015.
• Dazu Rock Carvings • Fengdu County
• Shibaozhai • Baidi Town
• Zhang Fei Temple • Qutang Gorge, Wuxia Gorge in the Three Gorges
As one branch of Sichuan cuisine, Chongqing cuisine is noted for its distinctive spicy and pungent flavors. Different from Chengdu cuisine, these local dishes are spicier and stronger in taste. Chili pepper, sesame, fermented black beans, scallions, ginger, garlic, wine, soy sauce and an array of flavorings are used in almost 40 different cooking methods.This city is the birth place of the hot pot in China.